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How to create my own self-signed web server certificate

Question:

I want to set up a test web server and use secure http (https). How can I create my own certificate without paying to Verisign?

Answer:

You only need to download the tool openssl. Then you can do these 3 steps:
  1. 1) Create a Private Key
    openssl genrsa -des3 -out our_system.key 1024

    or - if you want to set a password:
    openssl genrsa -out our_system.key 1024

  2. 2) Create a Certificate Signing Request
    openssl req -new -key our_system.key -out our_system.csr -config openssl.cnf

  3. 3) Creating a Self-Signed Certificate
    openssl req -new -key our_system.key -x509 -out our_system.crt -config openssl.cnf

Note: openssl.cnf is a config file with all the default information. You probably don't have this at hand. Remove the -config openssl.cnf in that case.

Put those three files (our_system.*) in the location as specified in apache's httpd.conf configuration file.




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